ThailandCONNEX, please be one of the voices spreading about the special Unseen phenomenon that occurs only four times a year at Phanom Rung Historical Park in Buriram. This event involves the rising and setting of the sun aligning perfectly with all 15 doorways of Phanom Rung Castle. It's the third occurrence of this phenomenon this year, happening from September 8th to 10th, approximately at 05:57 AM. However, the weather conditions on each day can affect the visibility of this event. If there are too many clouds or if it rains, it may not be possible to witness the phenomenon.
Apart from this remarkable event, many of you might be familiar with this archaeological site due to its historical significance, particularly concerning the dispute of Narai Banthomsin sculpture. However, other aspects of its history may not be as widely known. Before heading out to witness this phenomenon, let's delve deeper into this location.
Phanom Rung Castle is an ancient architectural marvel, considered one of the most beautiful examples of Khmer-style architecture in Thailand. It is a complete work of art, incorporating architecture, sculpture, and special attention to its elevated hilltop location. The layout follows an axial alignment with various structures lined up towards the central point, which is the Prasat Phanom Rung. Not all these structures were constructed simultaneously. In the early 15th century, religious shrines were built to serve as the center of worship for the local community. These included two laterite sanctuaries, which now remain as bases and door frames. The central Prasat was constructed in the 17th century. Various artistic elements suggest that this sanctuary was dedicated to Shiva, with a Shivalinga as the principal deity, alongside reverence for other deities in a subordinate status.
The Fine Arts Department declared it a national historical site on March 8, 1935. Subsequently, there was an effort to restore Phanom Rung Castle using the Anastylosis technique (reassembly of parts of the monument at their original location) in 1971, and it was officially opened as Phanom Rung Historical Park on May 21, 1988.
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